At may possibly undermine wellbeing for some select groups (e.g., young

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Author manuscript; available in PMC title= gjhs.v8n9p44 2011 August 23.Umberson et al.PageTransition to ParenthoodA theme of the 2000s is that parenthood, per se, will not predict O a handle group or maybe a group that received massage twice well-being inside a systematic way. Booth and colleagues (2008) analyzed a longitudinal sample of young adults title= s40037-015-0222-8 and found that, even though socioeconomically disadvantaged adults have been more likely to create early transitions to parenthood, they were not at increased danger for depression 5 years later. The authors concluded that early transitions "can be rational and sound" (p. 12) for certain individuals. This upbeat conclusion dovetails with Edin and Kefalas's (2005) qualitative (in-depth interview) study on early parenthood for p.At may possibly undermine wellbeing title= AJPH.2015.302719 for some choose groups (e.g., young women facing infertility and older unmarried guys). Parenthood is increasingly viewed as a matter of option, and voluntary childlessness has become extra typical. However there are also qualitative accounts of successful profession oriented girls who delay childbearing until it truly is also late to have youngsters and after that knowledge distress (Hewlett, 2002). Given heterogeneity among the childless, we do not have a strong understanding of various life course pathways that lead to childlessness, and these pathways are most likely to have diverse implications for individual well-being. Future analysis really should consider the reasons for childlessness too as consequences for wellbeing. In addition, the cultural meanings of childlessness have changed more than recent decades, suggesting the possibility that effects will differ across cohorts and over historical time. Using a couple of exceptions (e.g., White McQuillan, 2006), existing investigation on childlessness is limited by cross-sectional styles and future study ought to contemplate how the effects of childlessness might modify over time at the same time as across social groups and cohorts.NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author Manuscript NIH-PA Author ManuscriptJ Marriage Fam. Author manuscript; available in PMC title= gjhs.v8n9p44 2011 August 23.Umberson et al.PageTransition to ParenthoodA theme with the 2000s is that parenthood, per se, will not predict well-being in a systematic way. Most studies over the past decade have worked to recognize particular social contexts in which parenthood fosters well-being or distress. We initially take into account how the transition to parenthood is related with well-being and then take into account how parenting (of minor and adult kids) influences well-being across diverse social contexts. A life course perspective emphasizes the significance of big life transitions in triggering shifts in wellbeing (Elder, Johnson, Crosnoe, 2003). The transition to parenthood is actually a pivotal life course transition (Knoester Eggebeen, 2006), and several studies inside the 2000s focused on the timing of this transition inside the life course. Demographic research on childbearing and also the timing of initially births has long employed a life course perspective to reveal how socioeconomic antecedents and consequences of early childbearing create life course trajectories of cumulative disadvantage for parents. Early transition to parenthood, especially throughout the teen years, has been related with truncated educational and work possibilities and improved marital instability (Hofferth, Reid, Mott, 2001)--all things that may well undermine well-being inside the quick and long-term (Booth, Rustenback, McHale, 2008). Early transition to parenthood is a contemporary concern offered the current upturn in teenage pregnancy just after nearly a decade of teenage pregnancy decline (Santelli, Lindberg, Diaz, Orr, 2009).