Ave flesh" and "feel pain". People that shared personal experiences talked
Suffer silently." FGD 2'Results in emotional entrapment'A shame to admit emerged when women expressed their issues of disclosing IPV experiences that led to isolation, helplessness and limited social assistance from good friends plus the community. They also described the stigma and disgrace that abused ladies are believed toThe third category, `Results in emotional entrapment', emanates from a Kiswahili metaphor that refers to marriage as a trap ("ndoa ndoano"). This was described as an explanation of how violent relationships make folks feel trapped in their marriages and unable to determine to leave, despite abuse.Self blameA sub-category, Self-blame, shows how abused women blame themselves for the violence and became disoriented. The informants described how impacted folks turnedLaisser et al. BMC Ladies?'?s Health 2011, 11:13 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6874/11/Page 7 offearful and Lodoxamide site withdrew from social life: D5: "It is difficult to advise somebody who is living with violence to move out. She would normally complain and blame herself because she loves the man. I wonder why someone who has troubles with violence stays. Possibly she stays for the sake in the young children but additionally for the shame, or for worry of living alone." FGD 4Shifting tolerancewith my brother who assisted in divorce. It was not possible to produce it without having his help." FGD 4Gender norms in transitionThe sub-category Gender norms in transition emerged when men started to reflect on their existing role in maintaining gender norms that justify violence. D1:"IPV should really stop; you realize the women we beat are other people's sisters and mothers." FGD 5 This statement triggered additional discussion on variations and similarities between violence against intimate partners along with other household members. Both guys and women agreed there was a will need for action at quite a few levels and that the current harmful gender norms must be changed. They described the require for consolidated efforts at various levels, governmental too as health care. D4: "I feel the resolution to intimate companion violence challenges should really come from above. I mean they must be initiated by the cabinet as a greater level government organ. We may well fail to resolve matters individually. We witness situations of violence and they're reported inside the newspaper but we are not aware of what goes on thereafter. I assume we really should also involve wellness care...." FGD 5 Some informants reflected on the importance of supportive neighbours but clarified difficulties for community members to intervene in complex conditions th.Ave flesh" and "feel pain". Those who shared own experiences talked about becoming rejected, disliked and not respected by their households or society. D6: "But even if you are beaten once within your life you really feel pain, and it's not uncomplicated to forget. My buddies employed to laugh at me. Other colleagues and distant family members have been abusing me by saying that I was beaten because I was poor at making love. I had frequent disagreements with my husband with several injuries, sad moments and sleepless nights." FGD 1 Guys also described experiences of verbal abuse, becoming denied sex or accused of not becoming very good bread earners as threats to their dignity. D5:"I invested within a shop and gave the responsibilities to my wife.